India is an agricultural country. More than 70% of India’s population is directly or indirectly involved in agriculture related work. Due to the hard work of these farmers, we are able to sit and eat in peace.
You might have come across the farm bills which were passed by the Parliament in September 2020
The three farm laws are –
• Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill 2020.
According to this law, farmers are allowed to engage in intra-state or inter-state trade of their agricultural produce from sources that are not restricted to the physical markets created under various state Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee laws (APMC Acts).
• Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill 2020.
This law allows contract farming through an agreement between a farmer and a buyer before the production or rearing of any farm produces. According to this the farmer can disable the agreement whereas the buyer not. Also if, by any natural calamities the farmer’s produce is destroyed then the farmer is not liable.
• Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill 2020.
This act mainly controls the production, supply and distribution of certain commodities that are known to be essential. If an food item or an important drug comes under this act then supermarket or companies cannot hoard these items when there is a shortage or artificially increase the price etc. (The essential commodities include drugs, fertilizers, foodstuffs, hank yarn made wholly from cotton, petroleum and petroleum products, raw jute and jute textiles, seeds of food-crops, seeds of fruits and vegetables, seeds of cattle fodder, jute seeds)
Advantages Of The Farm Laws :
According to the government the advantages of these laws is that it provides an alternative platform for farmers to sell their produce in the open market. Now the farmer is free to sell his products to anyone else as he wishes. Thus, they can earn profit by selling crop products at a higher price.
Farmer’s Protest :
You may have come across the news headlines that farmers mainly of Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh were protesting for the repeal of these three farm laws.
Disadvantages Of Farm Laws :
According to the farmers the disadvantages of the farm bills is that, in case of any dispute in the business with the corporate buyer, there will be a danger of farmers’ interests being ignored.
The Farm Laws Repeal Bill :
On 29th November 2021, Hon’ble Prime Minister Narendra Modi has passed the bill to repeal the 3 farm laws and on 2nd December the 3 farm bills are repealed.
Then also the farmers are protesting and demanding for the compensation of the damages of life of the farmers while protesting.